Read this wonderful article written by Aurora Prize about Dr Catherine Hamlin and her over 60 years dedicated to women in Ethiopia.
A version of this was first published on February 29, 2020 on the Aurora Prize website here.
Dr. Catherine Hamlin dedicated her life to fighting the stigma and suffering faced by Ethiopian women with obstetric fistula injuries. Catherine helped more than 60,000 patients get treatment and opened specialized six fistula hospitals across Ethiopia, providing unparalleled care and giving hope for a new life to those who were traditionally shunned by their own communities.
Born in a big family in Sydney, Australia, in 1924, Catherine Hamlin attended college in her hometown and graduated from The University of Sydney School of Medicine in 1946. After completing her studies, she went on to work as medical officer at the Crown Street Women’s Hospital in Sydney, where she met her future husband, Dr. Reginald Hamlin.
After getting married, driven by their passion to help others, Catherine and Reg didn’t hesitate long before accepting a contract with the Ethiopian Government to work as obstetrician gynecologists and set up a midwifery school in Addis Ababa. Thanks to their compassionate and adventurous spirit, what was supposed to be a three-year work assignment has turned into a life-long mission.
“I believe God guided Reg and me to Ethiopia. We were searching for more fulfilling work in a developing country and we answered an advertisement in The Lancet medical journal for gynecologists needed in Addis Ababa. It was to set up a school of midwifery. We had no idea this opportunity would lead to our life’s work,” says Dr. Catherine Hamlin. Arriving in Ethiopia for the first time in 1959, Catherine and Reg were warned by a fellow gynecologist that “the fistula patients will break your hearts.” And they did.
An obstetric fistula is a hole between the birth canal and the bladder or rectum. This painful and humiliating internal injury caused by an obstructed labor during childbirth can leave a woman incontinent, ostracized and often cut off from her community.
When the Hamlins came to Ethiopia, there was little or no treatment available to local women with this condition, and the Australian couple have never even seen an obstetric fistula case before, but they immediately jumped into action. “We were touched and appalled by the sadness of our first fistula patient: a beautiful young woman in urine-soaked ragged clothes, sitting alone in our outpatient’s department, away from the other waiting patients. We knew she was more in need than any of the others,” recalls Catherine.
Initially based in the Princess Tsehai Memorial Hospital in Addis Ababa, Catherine and Reg pioneered the modern day surgical technique to close obstetric fistula injuries, while continuing to treat a broad range of obstetric cases. Within the first three years, Reg and Catherine had operated on 300 fistula patients. As news of a cure spread, many more women came seeking treatment.
On top of the mammoth challenges the Hamlins were dealing with, living in Ethiopia at the time could be quite dangerous, too. In 1960, during a coup attempt by the head of the imperial bodyguards, Catherine was in the labor ward delivering a baby, when she heard gunfire. Some bullets flew past the window where she was working. Unfazed, Catherine continued to do her job, focused solely on the patient.
In 1974, after successfully raising the funds, they opened a dedicated hospital for fistula patients – the Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital. In addition to that first one, she went on to open five more Hamlin fistula hospitals in regional parts of Ethiopia. All six Hamlin hospitals also provide a safe birthing facility where former patients can return to for a clean, safe caesarean section delivery, free of charge.
From the very beginning, Catherine and Reg set the world’s best-practice standards of patient care and hygiene for women with obstetric fistula, and Catherine personally went above and beyond to comfort the patients. She held their hands during check-ups, she soothed the nervous ones before surgeries and cheered up those not yet cured with the quiet, calm demeanor that she was known and loved for. Dr. Hamlin even made the gowns for the operating theatre and the sheets for the beds on her personal sewing machine.
She used to recall a day in May 1991 when there was unrest on the streets outside the hospital. Dr. Hamlin was at home, knitting, when the telephone suddenly rang. She got up off the sofa and went to answer. As she did so, a bullet came in through the roof and hit a cushion where she had been sitting. “God was with me in difficult times,” smiled Catherine.
When Dr. Reg Hamlin passed away in 1993, Catherine faced a hard decision. She and Reg had set up the hospital, made future plans, and faced countless obstacles together. The idea of going on alone was overwhelming. No one would have thought less of her for leaving Ethiopia. With the hospital functioning flawlessly, she could have retired at 69, having already made a huge difference to thousands of women.
Many people would have returned to Australia, but Catherine stayed. “I began to realize the enormous blessings that I had, and the future seemed suddenly bright. This is my home and these people are my family,” Catherine said in her autobiography “The Hospital by the River,” first published in 2001.
Surrounded and comforted by her Ethiopian family and friends, she carried on, as new patients from all over the country continued to arrive at the hospitals. Some walked for days to reach Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia; others borrowed money or begged to raise the bus fare, praying they will be allowed to board despite their smell. Once they made it to Hamlin, they knew they were safe. Through power outages, water shortages and political upheaval, Catherine persevered. As a result of her staying, Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia operated on thousands of Ethiopian women to repair their fistula injuries and restore their dignity.
Today, Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia is a healthcare network with six Hamlin Fistula Hospitals, Desta Mender Rehabilitation and Vocational Training Center (“Joy Village” in Amharic), the Hamlin College of Midwives and more than 50 Hamlin-supported midwifery clinics, all supported by the Catherine Hamlin Fistula Foundation. The team of over 550 Ethiopians continue Catherine’s dream of transforming women’s healthcare throughout Ethiopia. “I am thankful to have great staff. The future of our hospitals are in good hands,” said Catherine.
“I’m still trying to wake the world up and tell people about the women we treat. It warms my heart that so many people have supported our work,” … “To see a girl from abject poverty and sadness and sorrow suddenly become a new person, that’s the joy that fistula surgeons get when they cure them. I just love these women. My feeling for them, my compassion for them, is unending.”“My dream is to eradicate obstetric fistula. Forever. I won’t do this in my lifetime, but you can in yours.”
Legendary Australian Dr Catherine Hamlin passed away peacefull at her home on the grounds of her Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital. You can learn more about Catherine by clicking here.